Malwarebytes anti-malware premium 4.1.2.73 + ключик активации 2019

How do I get spyware?

Spyware can infect your system in the same ways as any other form of malware. Here are a few of spyware’s main techniques to infect your PC or mobile device.

  • Security vulnerabilities, e.g. backdoors and exploits. An exploit is a security vulnerability in your device’s hardware or software that can be abused or exploited to gain unauthorized access. Software vulnerabilities are also known as “software bugs” or just “bugs” for short. Exploits are an unintentional byproduct of hardware and software manufacturing. Mistakes happen and bugs manage to find their way in to even the most polished consumer technology. Backdoors, on the other hand, are put in place on purpose as a way to quickly gain access to your system after the fact. Sometimes the hardware and software makers themselves put the backdoors in. More often than not, however, cybercriminals will use an exploit to gain initial access to your system then install a permanent backdoor for future access.
  • Phishing and spoofing. These two threats are often used in tandem. Phishing happens whenever criminals try to get you to perform some sort of action such as clicking a link to a malware-laden website, opening an infected email attachment (aka malspam), or giving up your login credentials. Spoofing refers to the act of disguising phishing emails and websites so that they appear to be from and by individuals and organizations you trust.
  • Misleading marketing. Spyware authors love to present their spyware programs as useful tools to download. It might be an Internet accelerator, new download manager, hard disk drive cleaner, or an alternative web search service. Beware this kind of “bait,” because installing it can result in inadvertent spyware infection. And even if you eventually uninstall the “useful” tool that initially introduced the infection, the spyware remains behind and continues to function.
  • Software bundles. Who doesn’t love free software (freeware)? Except when it’s a host program that conceals a malicious add-on, extension, or plugin. Bundleware may look like necessary components, but they are nonetheless spyware, which, again, remains even if you uninstall the host application. Making matters worse, you may find that you actually agreed to install the spyware when you accepted the terms of service for the original application.
  • Trojans. Broadly speaking, if malware pretends to be something it’s not—that means it’s a Trojan. That said, most Trojans today are not threats in and of themselves. Rather, cybercriminals use Trojans to deliver other forms of malware, like cryptojackers, ransomware, and viruses.
  • Mobile device spyware. Mobile spyware has been around since mobile devices became mainstream. Mobile spyware is especially devious since mobile devices are small and users generally can’t see what programs are running in the background as easily as they might on their laptop or desktop. Both Mac and Android devices are vulnerable to spyware. These apps include legitimate apps recompiled with harmful code, straight up malicious apps posing as legitimate ones (often with names resembling popular apps), and apps with fake download links.

“Mobile spyware has been around since mobile devices became mainstream.”

All about malware

You know how every year the medical community campaigns for everyone to get a flu shot? That’s because flu outbreaks typically have a season—a time of year when they start spreading and infecting people.

In contrast, there are no predictable seasonal infections for PCs, smartphones, tablets, and enterprise networks. For them, it’s always flu season. But instead of suffering chills and body aches, users can fall ill from a kind of machine malady—malware.

Each type of malware infection has its own methods of attack—from stealthy and sneaky to subtle like a sledgehammer. But if knowledge is power, as a preventative inoculation against infection, we offer here a short cybersecurity course on malware, what it is, its symptoms, how you get it, how to deal with it, and how to avoid it in the future.

Do Macs get malware?

Conventional wisdom has sometimes held that Macs and iPads are immune to catching viruses (and don’t need an antivirus). For the most part, that’s true. At the very least, it hasn’t happened in a long time.

“Mac systems are subject to the same vulnerabilities (and subsequent symptoms of infection) as Windows machines and cannot be considered bulletproof.”

Other kinds of malware are a different story. Mac systems are subject to the same vulnerabilities (and subsequent symptoms of infection) as Windows machines and cannot be considered bulletproof. For instance, the Mac’s built-in protection against malware doesn’t block all the adware and spyware bundled with fraudulent application downloads. Trojans and keyloggers are also threats. The first detection of ransomware for Macs occurred in March 2016, when a Trojan-delivered attack affected more than 7,000 Mac users.

In fact, Malwarebytes saw more Mac malware in 2017 than in any previous year. By the end of 2017, the number of new unique threats that our professionals counted on the Mac platform was more than 270 percent higher compared to the number noted in 2016.

Read more about the state of. Mac antivirus and anti-malware.

Mobile adware

There’s not much real estate room on a mobile’s screen. So when a mysterious icon moves into your start
screen, or scads of ads start clogging your notification bar, you’ve probably got an uninvited adware guest.
No big surprise, since thousands of Android apps now contain the gift that keeps on shoving icons and ads at you
without warning.

There are two methods through which mobiles come down with adware: through the browser and through downloaded
applications.

  • Infection by browser refers to a known exploit, caused by the way most browsers handle redirections executed by JavaScript code. It’s a weakness that can cause ad pop-ups; and advertising affiliates know about it, and how to exploit it. If your mobile’s browser has been compromised, then the best way to block the pop-ups is to use a different browser, disable JavaScript, or install a browser with ad blocking. Another remedy to pop-ups is to back out of them using Android’s back key. Or you can clear your history and cache, which will also stop the ads from coming back.

  • Infection by downloaded applications refers to getting infected with persistent ads through adware apps
    installed on a phone. They present in different forms, from full screen ads inside and outside of the infected
    app, to the device notifications and on the lock screen. Typically, a third-party app store installs this kind
    of adware app. So it’s best to avoid third-party app stores, although even Google Play has been an
    unwitting source of adware-infested apps. 

Despite its being an annoying pest, take some small comfort in the fact that such adware is generally not blatantly
malicious, threatening your device like malware might. Many of the free apps you download to your phone often
include third-party ad content, providing software developers an alternative revenue stream so you can have their
offering for free. Still, adware is not generally benevolent; so faced with a free app that stuffs your device with
adware, and a paid program that plays nicely, consider the best choice for you.

Comparison of best AntiMalware Software

See a basic feature comparison of all the top malware removal tools compatible with Windows 10 for 2019. It can help you to make your decision for which Anti-malware should you choose?

Malwarebytes vs Hitmanpro vs Zemana vs Emsisoft vs Melicious Software removal tool vs Norton Power Eraser

Product Install type Free period Real time Protection Price for Premium
Installer Always Free Yes
(with paid subscription)
$39.99
Installer and
Portable
30 Days Yes
(with hitmanPro.Alert purchase – $34.95)
$24.95
Zemana Installer and
Portable
30 Days Yes
(with paid subscription)
$24.95
Installer 30 Days Yes
(with paid subscription)
$29.99
Portable Free No Free

What do I do if infected?

If you suspect adware has compromised your Mac or Windows PC, there are a few steps you can take to remedy the
infection. First, back up your files, regularly. You can try to remove the adware through the pertinent utility on
your operating system (i.e., Add/Remove on the Windows platform). But this requires that you can identify the
adware program’s name, or that the adware doesn’t have a Resuscitator, which are files designed to
bring a program back to life after an uninstall.

“For a deeper dive, read How to remove adware from your PC  and How to remove adware from your Mac over at Malwarebytes Labs. ”

Trojanized apps on Android smartphones

Trojans aren’t just a problem for laptops and desktops. They attack mobile devices as well, which makes sense given the tempting target presented by the billions of phones in use.

As with computers, the Trojan presents itself as a legitimate program, although it’s actually a fake version of the app full of malware.

Such Trojans usually lurk on unofficial and pirate app markets, enticing users to download them. The Trojans run the full gamut of mischief, infecting the phone with ads and keyloggers, which can steal information. Dialer Trojans can even generate revenue by sending out premium SMS texts.    

“Browser extension add-ons can act as Trojans as well….”

Android users have been the victims of Trojanized apps even from Google Play, which is constantly scanning and purging weaponized apps (many times after the Trojan’s discovery). Browser extension add-ons can act as Trojans as well, since it’s a payload capable of carrying embedded bad code.

While Google can remove browser add-ons from computers, on phones the Trojans can place transparent icons on the screen. It’s invisible to the user, but nonetheless reacts to a finger touch to launch its malware.

How does anti-malware work?

The old school method of signature-based threat detection is effective to a degree, but modern anti-malware also detects threats using newer methods that look for malicious behavior. To put it another way, signature-based detection is a bit like looking for a criminal’s fingerprints. It’s a great way to identify a threat, but only if you know what their fingerprints look like. Modern anti-malware takes detection a step further so it can identify threats it has never seen before. By analyzing a program’s structure and behavior, it can detect suspicious activity. Keeping with the analogy, it’s a bit like noticing that one person always hangs out in the same places as known criminals and has a lock pick in his pocket.

This newer, more effective cybersecurity technology is called heuristic analysis. “Heuristics” is a term researchers coined for a strategy that detects threats by analyzing the program’s structure, its behavior, and other attributes.

Each time a heuristic anti-malware program scans an executable file, it scrutinizes the program’s overall structure, programming logic, and data. All the while, it looks for things like unusual instructions or junk code. In this way, it assesses the likelihood that the program contains malware. What’s more, a big plus for heuristics is its ability to detect malware in files and boot records before the malware has a chance to run and infect your computer. In other words, heuristics-enabled anti-malware is proactive, not reactive.

Some anti-malware products can also run the suspected malware in a sandbox, which is a controlled environment in which the security software can determine whether a program is safe to deploy or not. Running malware in a sandbox lets the anti-malware look at what the software does, the actions it performs, and whether it tries to hide itself or compromise your computer.

Another way heuristic analytics helps keep users safe is by analyzing web page characteristics in order to identify risky sites that might contain exploits. If it recognizes something fishy, it blocks the site.

In brief, signature-based anti-malware is like a bouncer at the nightclub door, carrying a thick book of mug shots and booting anyone that matches. Heuristic analysis is the bouncer who looks for suspicious behavior, pats people down, and sends home the ones carrying a weapon.

“Heuristics is a term researchers coined for a strategy that detects viruses by analyzing the program’s structure, its behavior, and other attributes.”

Mac adware

It used to be that Mac users had no adware fears. For one thing, Macs have a built-in anti-malware system called
XProtect, which does a decent job of catching known malware. Then there’s the fact that cyber criminals focus
mostly on Windows PCs, as they are a more prolific target compared to the installed Mac base. But recently
that’s changed fast. According to counts of the number of new Mac malware families to appear in 2017, they
increased by more than 270 percent compared to those in 2016. Adware specifically for Macs first started to emerge in 2012; and since then, Mac adware
variants have proliferated, developed both in secret by hackers and organized crime bad guys, as well as by
seemingly legitimate corporations who claim to sell bona fide software with real-world uses. In the latter
instance, the adware hides in plain sight as fine print in a long, small-type installation agreement. You know, the
kind nobody reads. So when you click on the agreement, you accept its terms, and viola, the spam ensues. Those
behind the adware are not doing anything illegal. At least technically, that is.

For the most part, adware for Macs rides inside a
Trojan, malware that takes its name from the Trojan horse of Greek mythology. The Trojan portrays itself as
something you want. Maybe a player, or some kind of plug-in. It might even be skulking around inside a legitimate
software download from a disreputable site. Either way, it promises you one thing, but delivers adware in a
bait-and-switch.

As far as the
signs of a Mac adware infection go, they mirror the symptoms you see on Windows systems. Ads pop up where
they shouldn’t be—literally everywhere. Something changes your homepage without so much as a how do you do.
Familiar web pages just don’t look right anymore, and when you click on a link, you find yourself redirected
to an entirely different site. It might even substitute a new search engine for your regular one.

So in the end, Macs, while less vulnerable than Windows computers, can still have a security problem with adware.
More on what to do about it below.

All about adware

Here’s how it happens. You go online with your nice, well-behaved browser, only to see it fly into a virtual
tantrum, as an onslaught of advertisements either pops up, slides in from the side, or otherwise inserts itself to
interrupt and even redirect your intended activity. And no matter how much you click to close those windows, they
keep buzzing you like flies at a picnic.

That bothersome phenomenon results from adware, short for advertising supported software. And just as your picnic
food attracts the pests that come after it, money—or the revenue generated by unbidden ads—is what draws adware to
your PC or mobile device. Below, we offer a short primer on adware, what it is, how you get it, what it tries to do
to you, how to deal with it, and what to do in the future to avoid this irritant.

How to remove malware

Follow these three easy steps to remove malware from your device.

1. Download and install a good cybersecurity program. As it happens, Malwarebytes has programs for every platform we’ve discussed in this article: Windows, Mac, Android, and Chromebook.

2. Run a scan using your new program. Even if you don’t opt for Malwarebytes Premium, the free version of Malwarebytes is still great at removing malware. The free version, however, does not proactively stop threats from getting on your system in the first place.

If your iPhone or iPad is infected with malware (as improbable as that may be). Things are a little trickier. Apple does not permit scans of either the device’s system or other files, though Malwarebytes for iOS, for example, will screen and block scam calls and texts. Your only option is to wipe your phone with a factory reset, then restore it from your backup in iCloud or iTunes. If you didn’t backup your phone, then you’re starting over from scratch.

Advancements in Antivirus Software & Cybersecurity

Two relatively new forms of malware have helped drive the advancement of signature-less detection methods: exploits and ransomware. Though these threats are similar to others in many ways, they can be much harder to detect. Furthermore, once your computer is infected, these threats can be almost impossible to remove.

Exploits get their name because they literally exploit vulnerabilities in a system, software, or web browser in order to install malicious code in a variety of ways. Anti-exploit measures were developed as a shield against this method of attack, protecting against Flash exploits and browser weaknesses, including new exploits that have not been identified or vulnerabilities for which patches have not yet been created.

Ransomware emerged on the malware scene to spectacular effect in 2013. Ransomware made a name for itself by hijacking and encrypting computer data, and then extorting payments as it held the data hostage. and even threatened to erase it if a deadline passed without payment. Originally, both these threats resulted in the development of dedicated anti-exploit and anti-ransomware products.

In December 2016, Malwarebytes folded anti-exploit and malicious website antivirus protection into the premium version of Malwarebytes for Windows. We have since added anti-ransomware for even more advanced anti-malware protection.

How to detect malware

Certain strains of malware are easier to detect than others. Some, like ransomware and adware, make their presence known immediately, either by encrypting your files or by streaming endless ads at you. Others, like Trojans and spyware, go out of their way to hide from you as long as possible, meaning they could be on your system a long time before you realize that they’re present. And then there are others, like viruses and worms, that might operate in secret for a time, before the symptoms of their infection start to appear, such as freezing, deleted or replaced files, sudden shutdowns, or a hyperactive processor. 

The only surefire way to detect all malware before it infects your PC, Mac, or mobile is to install a virus scanner and malware removal feature, which will come packaged with detection tools and scans that can catch malware currently on your device, as well as block malware trying to infect it.

How do I protect myself from adware?

Finally, even before all the above precautions, download a reputable cybersecurity program for your PC or mobile phone. Perform scans frequently, and keep your updates, well, up to date. Of course, we recommend any of our Malwarebytes family of anti-malware products as a prudent measure: Malwarebytes for Windows, Malwarebytes for Mac, Malwarebytes for Android, Malwarebytes for Chromebook, and Malwarebytes for iOS. By arming yourself with knowledge, and protecting yourself with a robust cybersecurity program, you can take the steps necessary for an adware-free life online.

See all our reporting on adware
at Malwarebytes Labs. 

Как защититься от Malware и хакеров

Чтобы «не попасться на удочку» хакеров нужно следовать хотя бы базовым правилам безопасности в сети. Первым делом убедитесь, что компьютер защищён антивирусной программой. В последнее время активно развивается и получает многочисленные награды за скорость работы и эффективность обнаружения угроз антивирус Malwarebytes, отзывы о нем вы найдете по этой ссылке. Стоит отметить, что ПО Malwarebytes также сканирует на потенциально нежелательные приложения (PUP) и потенциально нежелательную модификацию (PUM), правда это требует дополнительных ресурсов процессора.

Веб-сайты, при посещении, проверяются на наличие вредоносных скриптов даже без установки дополнительных расширений в браузер. Хотя и в Windows 10 уже встроен приличный антивирус Windows Defender, но для улучшенной защиты, а также для Windows XP/7/8.1, лучше установить дополнительную защиту.

Включайте брандмауэр, хотя бы встроенный в Windows 7/8/10. Брандмауэр закрывает порты, чтобы хакеры «не увидели» компьютер в сети и не смогли получить доступ к уязвимостям. Большинство антивирусного ПО имеют собственный продвинутый брандмауэр и заменяют им встроенный в Windows. Даже на настройках «по умолчанию» брандмауэр надёжно защищает компьютер от сетевых атак.

Устанавливайте обновления ОС Windows, особенно касающиеся безопасности, и другого используемого ПО. Думайте головой, не кликайте по зазывающим заголовкам на неизвестных вам сайтах, и особенно в электронных письмах, скачивайте программы только с официальных источников, не вставляйте в компьютер чужие флешки без включённого антивируса, не высылайте пароли по требованию «администрации сайта» и будете в безопасности.

Что умеет хакерское Malware

Есть несколько основных разновидностей вредоносных программ:

  • Кейлоггеры;
  • Удалённое управление (RAT);
  • Шифровальщики-вымогатели;
  • Майнеры;
  • Ботнеты.

Кейлоггеры (key – клавиша, log – журнал действий) записывают в log-файл все нажатия клавиш на клавиатуре и отправляют информацию хакеру. С помощью специальных алгоритмов не сложно вычленить из набора данных логины, пароли и другую конфиденциальную информацию. Если вы не вводите пароли руками, а пользуетесь менеджерами паролей с шифрованием и не являетесь политиком, бизнесменом или знаменитостью, то можете отделаться лёгким испугом.

Куда «интереснее» дела обстоят с RAT («крысы», в простонародье). RAT-malware хакеры используют для получения полного контроля над операционной системой. Может вы сталкивались с удалённой помощью техподдержки, например с помощью программы TeamViewer? Это когда компьютерщик из другого здания/города/страны подключается к вашему компьютеру, водит мышкой, запускает программы и закачивает файлы. Согласитесь, неприятно было бы осознать, что последние несколько месяцев какая-то «крыса» делала тоже самое с вашим компьютером в ваше отсутствие.

Вымогатели наделали шуму 2017 году, во время криптовалютного бума. Заразив компьютер, вирус зашифровывал документы или все данные так, что прочитать их было невозможно. Далее нужно было выслать хакеру выкуп в криптовалюте: биткоины или эфириум. Криптовалюты использовались из-за их анонимности и безнаказанности злоумышленника. Выслав выкуп, никакого ключа для расшифровки данных пользователи не получали.

Майнеры используют вычислительную мощность процессора и видеокарты для добычи криптовалют. Майнинг это очень ресурсоёмкий вычислительный процесс, поэтому хакерам нужно как можно больше заражённых компьютеров. Прямого вреда майнеры не наносят и можно долго не замечать его присутствие.

Умный майнер может не сильно загружать процессор, когда вы работаете за компьютером, чтобы подольше оставаться не замеченным, но зато вовсю «кочегарить», в ваше отсутствие. В любом случае, компьютер начинает тормозить, шуметь и греться. Потом приходит «интересный» счёт за электроэнергию, а оборудование может преждевременно выйти из строя.

Ботнеты также используют ресурсы компьютера, но не только вычислительные, работа компьютера может не измениться заметно. Вот что хакеры делают с ботнетами:

  • Используют вычислительную мощность для подбора паролей к нужным ресурсам и файлам методом перебора;
  • Устраивают DDoS атаки в интернете, т.е. отправляют с вашего компьютера миллионы запросов на атакуемый ресурс;
  • Используют компьютер как прокси-сервер, для личных или коммерческих целей. Прокси-сервер позволяет хакеру выйти в интернет от лица вашего компьютера/города/страны, примерно так же, как через VPN;
  • Рассылают почтовый спам;
  • Взламывают другие компьютеры.

Со временем, алгоритмы антиспама блокируют ваш IP-адрес, и ваши письма, отосланные с помощью почтового клиента, попадают в папку «СПАМ», не доходя до адресатов. Также, можете замечать на некоторых сайтах предложение пройти проверку на «ты не робот?» перед тем, как откроется главная страница. Но это не всегда означает что вы заражены ботнетом, может быть заражён другой компьютер в сети провайдера.

How do I remove spyware?

If your spyware infection is working as designed, it will be invisible unless you’re technically savvy enough to know exactly where to look. You could be infected and never know. But if you suspect spyware, here’s what to do.

  1. The first order of business is to make sure your system has been cleaned of any infection so that new passwords are not compromised. Get yourself a robust cybersecurity program with a reputation for aggressive spyware removal technology. Malwarebytes, for example, thoroughly cleans up spyware artifacts and repairs altered files and settings.
  2. After you have cleaned your system, think about contacting your financial institutions to warn of potential fraudulent activity. Depending on the compromised information on your infected machine, and especially if it is connected to a business or enterprise, you may be required by law to report breaches to law enforcement and/or make a public disclosure.
  3. If stolen information is sensitive in nature or involves the collection and transmission of images, audio, and/or video, you should contact local law-enforcement authorities to report potential violations of federal and state laws.
  4. One last thing: Many purveyors of identity theft protection advertise their services to monitor for fraudulent transactions, or to place a freeze on your credit account to prevent any form of activity. Activating a credit freeze is definitely a good idea. If you’re offered free identity theft monitoring as part of the settlement from a data breach, there’s no harm in signing up. However, Malwarebytes advises against purchasing identity theft protection.

“Many purveyors of identity theft protection advertise their services to monitor for fraudulent transactions…”

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